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Small Pd cluster adsorbed double vacancy defect graphene sheet for hydrogen storage: A first-principles study

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Title
Small Pd cluster adsorbed double vacancy defect graphene sheet for hydrogen storage: A first-principles study
Author
Sen, D.Thapa, R.Chattopadhyay, K. K.
Keywords
Adsorption energies; Bridge sites; C-C bonds; Canonical ensemble; Charge sharing; Comparative analysis; Defect sites; Density functional theories (DFT); DFT; Energy windows; Enhanced stability; First-principles study; Graphene sheets; Highly stables; Hydrogen storage media; Md calculations; Net charges; Orbitals; Pd clusters; Vacancy Defects
Issue Date
201303
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, v.38, no.7, pp.3041 - 3049
Abstract
Stability and electronic properties of small Pd-n clusters (n = 1-5), adsorbed on different types of double vacancy (DV) defect graphene sheets are thoroughly investigated by both density functional theory (DFT) and molecular dynamics (MD). Defect bridge sites of DV(555-777) defect graphene sheet are identified to be the most favorable for Pd-4 cluster adsorption. MD calculations, performed using a canonical ensemble, showed this system to be highly stable up to 800 K. Much better hybridization between C 2p and Pd 4d and 5s orbitals near Fermi level as well as higher charge transfer to graphene sheet was found to be the governing reason for enhanced stability of Pd-4 cluster on DV(555-777) defect site. Comparative analysis of H-2 storage on Pd-4 cluster adsorbed pristine and DV(555-777) defect graphene sheet showed, while adsorption energy/H-2 molecule for both cases lie well within desirable energy window for a hydrogen storage media, the later is much more efficient energetically as distorted in plane sp(2) hybridization reduces the saturations of C-C bonds in the defect regions, making more electron density available for bonding; which leads to higher net charge gain of Pd-4 cluster and higher charge sharing with H-2 molecule.
URI
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.12.113
ISSN
0360-3199
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