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Cho, Jaephil
Nano Energy Storage Materials Lab (NESM)
Research Interests
  • Li-ion battery, metal-air battery, redox-flow battery, flexible battery .

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A New Type of Protective Surface Layer for High-Capacity Ni-Based Cathode Materials: Nanoscaled Surface Pillaring Layer

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Title
A New Type of Protective Surface Layer for High-Capacity Ni-Based Cathode Materials: Nanoscaled Surface Pillaring Layer
Author
Cho, YonghyunOh, PilgunCho, Jaephil
Keywords
Capacity retention; Cath-ode materials; Layered phase; Li-ion batteries; Pillaring effect; Polyvinyl pyrrolidone; Structural instability; Structural stabilities
Issue Date
201303
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation
NANO LETTERS, v.13, no.3, pp.1145 - 1152
Abstract
A solid solution series of lithium nickel metal oxides, Li[Ni1-xMx]O-2 (with M = Co, Mn, and Al) have been investigated intensively to enhance the inherent structural instability of LiNiO2. However, when a voltage range of Ni-based cathode materials was increased up to >4.5 V, phase transitions occurring above 4.3 V resulted in accelerated formation of the trigonal phase (P (3) over bar m1) and NiO phases, leading to and pulverization of the cathode during cycling at 60 degrees C. In an attempt to overcome these problems, LiNi0.62Co0.14Mn0.24O2 cathode material with pillar layers in which Ni2+. ions were resided in Li slabs near the surface having a thickness of similar to 10 nm was prepared using a polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) functionalized Mn precursor coating on Ni0.7Co0.15Mn0.15(OH)(2). We confirmed the formation of a pillar layer via various analysis methods (XPS, HRTEM, and STEM). This material showed excellent structural stability due to a pillar layer, corresponding to 85% capacity retention between 3.0 and 4.5 Vat 60 degrees C after 100 cycles. In addition, the amount of heat generation was decreased by 40%, compared to LiNi0.70Co0.15Mn0.15O2.
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl304558t
ISSN
1530-6984
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