Independent vector analysis based on overlapped cliques of variable width for frequency-domain blind signal separation
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- Independent vector analysis based on overlapped cliques of variable width for frequency-domain blind signal separation
- Lee, Intae; Jang, Gil-Jin
- Accurate modeling; Acoustic mixtures; Acoustic signals; Blind Signal Separation; Clique size; Correlation coefficient; Dependency graphs; Dependency model; Frequency bins; Frequency domains; Frequency-domain approach; Independent vector analysis; Low-frequency components; Permutation ambiguity; Permutation problems; Signal to interference ratio; Source location; Speech signals; Statistical dependencies; Strong correlation; Undirected graph; Variable width
- Issue Date
- SPRINGER INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHING AG
- EURASIP JOURNAL ON ADVANCES IN SIGNAL PROCESSING, v.2012, no.1, pp. -
- A novel method is proposed to improve the performance of independent vector analysis (IVA) for blind signal separation of acoustic mixtures. IVA is a frequency-domain approach that successfully resolves the well-known permutation problem by applying a spherical dependency model to all pairs of frequency bins. The dependency model of IVA is equivalent to a single clique in an undirected graph; a clique in graph theory is defined as a subset of vertices in which any pair of vertices is connected by an undirected edge. Therefore, IVA imposes the same amount of statistical dependency on every pair of frequency bins, which may not match the characteristics of real-world signals. The proposed method allows variable amounts of statistical dependencies according to the correlation coefficients observed in real acoustic signals and, hence, enables more accurate modeling of statistical dependencies. A number of cliques constitutes the new dependency graph so that neighboring frequency bins are assigned to the same clique, while distant bins are assigned to different cliques. The permutation ambiguity is resolved by overlapped frequency bins between neighboring cliques. For speech signals, we observed especially strong correlations across neighboring frequency bins and a decrease in these correlations with an increase in the distance between bins. The clique sizes are either fixed, or determined by the reciprocal of the mel-frequency scale to impose a wider dependency on low-frequency components. Experimental results showed improved performances over conventional IVA. The signal-to-interference ratio improved from 15.5 to 18.8 dB on average for seven different source locations. When we varied the clique sizes according to the observed correlations, the stability of the proposed method increased with a large number of cliques.
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