Methodologies toward Highly Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells
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- Methodologies toward Highly Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells
- Seok, Sang Il; Gratzel, Michael; Park, Nam-Gyu
- Issue Date
- WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
- SMALL, v.14, no.20, pp.1704177 -
- A perovskite solar cell (PSC) employing an organic-inorganic lead halide perovskite light harvester, seeded in 2009 with power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 3.8% and grown in 2011 with PCE of 6.5% in dye-sensitized solar cell structure, has received great attention since the breakthrough reports approximate to 10% efficient solid-state PCSs demonstrating 500 h stability. Developments of device layout and high-quality perovskite film eventually lead to a PCE over 22%. As of October 31, 2017, the highest PCE of 22.7% is listed in an efficiency chart provided by NREL. In this Review, the methodologies to obtain highly efficient PSCs are described in detail. In order to achieve a PCE of over 20% reproducibly, key technologies are disclosed from the viewpoint of precursor solution chemistry, processing for defect-free perovskite films, and passivation of grain boundaries. Understanding chemical species in precursor solution, crystal growth kinetics, light-matter interaction, and controlling defects is expected to give important insights into not only reproducible production of high PCE over 20% but also further enhancement of the PCE of PCSs.
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