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Kim, Kwang S.
Center for Superfunctional Materials (CSM)
Research Interests
  • Theoretical/experimental nanosciences, molecular electronics spectroscopy, energy materials

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Rashba-Dresselhaus Effect in Inorganic/Organic Lead Iodide Perovskite Interfaces

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Title
Rashba-Dresselhaus Effect in Inorganic/Organic Lead Iodide Perovskite Interfaces
Author
Myung, Chang WooJavaid, SaqidKim, Kwang S.Lee, Geunsik
Issue Date
201806
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation
ACS ENERGY LETTERS, v.3, no.3, pp.1294 - 1300
Abstract
Despite the imperative importance in solar cell efficiency, the intriguing phenomena at the interface between perovskite solar cell and adjacent carrier transfer layers are hardly uncovered. Here we show that PbI2/AI-terminated lead iodide perovskite (APbI3; A = Cs+/ methylammonium (MA)) interfaced with the charge transport medium of graphene or TiO2 exhibits a sizable/robust Rashba–Dresselhaus (RD) effect using density functional theory and ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) simulations above the cubic-phase temperature. At the PbI2-terminated graphene/CsPbI3(001) interface, ferroelectric distortion toward graphene facilitates an inversion breaking field. At the MAI-terminated TiO2/MAPbI3(001) interface, the enrooted alignment of MA+ toward TiO2 by short-strong hydrogen bonding and concomitant PbI3 distortion preserve the RD interactions even above 330 K. The robust RD effect at the interface even at high temperatures, unlike in bulk, changes the direct-type band to indirect-type to suppress recombination of the electron and hole, thereby letting these accumulated carriers overcome the potential barrier between perovskite and charge transfer materials, which promotes the solar cell efficiency.
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.8b00638
ISSN
2380-8195
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