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Ruoff, Rodney S.
Center for Multidimensional Carbon Materials (CMCM)
Research Interests
  • Next generation carbons, ultrathin sp3-bonded carbon sheets, negative curvature (‘Schwartzites’) carbons, sp3/sp2 hybrid carbon materials, model compounds for novel carbon materials, reaction mechanisms

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Rapid Identification of the Layer Number of Large-Area Graphene on Copper

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Title
Rapid Identification of the Layer Number of Large-Area Graphene on Copper
Author
Qi, ZhikaiZhu, XudongJin, HongchangZhang, TiezhuKong, XianghuaRuoff, Rodney S.Qiao, ZhenhuaJi, Hengxing
Issue Date
201803
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation
CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, v.30, no.6, pp.2067 - 2073
Abstract
Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on Cu foils emerged as an important method for preparing high-quality and large-area graphene films for practical applications. However, to date it remains challenging to rapidly identify the structural features, especially the layer numbers, of CVD-graphene directly on Cu substrate. Herein, we report an O-2-plasma-assisted approach for identifying the coverage, wrinkles, domain size, and layer number of large-area graphene films on Cu foils by optical microscopy. The wrinkles and grain boundaries of five-layer graphene can be observed with a grayscale increment of similar to 23.4% per one graphene layer after O-2-plasma treatment for only 15 s, which allows for checking graphene on Cu foils with a sample size of 17 cm x 20 cm in a few minutes. The Raman spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy presents a strong layer number dependence of both the plasma induced graphene defects and Cu oxides, which, as indicated by molecular dynamic simulation, is responsible for the improved image contrast as a result of the interaction between O-ions and graphene with different layer numbers. We expect that this O-2-plasma-assisted method would be applied to meter-scale samples if atmospheric-pressure plasma is used and therefore will be beneficial for the fast evaluation of CVD-graphene in both laboratory and industry.
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b05377
ISSN
0897-4756
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