Radioactive iodine capture and storage from water using magnetite nanoparticles encapsulated in polypyrrole
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- Radioactive iodine capture and storage from water using magnetite nanoparticles encapsulated in polypyrrole
- Harijan, Dilip K. L.; Chandra, Vimlesh; Yoon, Taeseung; Kim, Kwang S.
- Radioactive iodine; Magnetic separation; Adsorption; Magnetite nanoparticles; Polypyrrole
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
- JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, v.344, no., pp.576 - 584
- The effective capture and storage of radioactive iodine is of importance for nuclear waste storage during nuclear power station accidents. Here we report Fe3O4@PPy powder containing similar to 12 nm magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles encapsulated in the polypyrrole (PPy) matrix. It shows 1627 mg/g uptake of iodine dissolved in water, within 2 h at room temperature. Fe3O4@PPy is ferromagnetic in nature and can be separated from water using external magnetic field. The nitrogen gas sweeping test at 30 degrees C shows release of 2% iodine from iodine adsorbed Fe3O4@PPy, revealing stable storage of iodine for a moderate period. The iodine-adsorbed magnetic powder can be regenerated by washing with ethanol. The XPS spectrum of iodine adsorbed Fe3O4@PPy confirmed the presence of polyiodides (I-3(-) and I-5(-)) bound to the PPy surface. This excellent iodine capture and storage from iodine contaminated water is an environment friendly, inexpensive and large scale method.
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