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Jang, Jaesung
Sensors & Aerosols Lab
Research Interests
  • Bio-MEMS

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Inactivation of airborne viruses using vacuum ultraviolet photocatalysis for a flow-through indoor air purifier with short irradiation time

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Title
Inactivation of airborne viruses using vacuum ultraviolet photocatalysis for a flow-through indoor air purifier with short irradiation time
Author
Kim, JeonghyunJang, Jaesung
Keywords
Vacuum ultraviolet;  bioaerosol;  inactivation;  photocatalysis;  air-purifier;  MS2 virus
Issue Date
ACCEPT
Publisher
TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
Citation
AEROSOL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v., no., pp. -
Abstract
Many ultraviolet (UV)-based disinfection methods have been developed; however, these methods usually use the recirculating mode or need long irradiation periods due to its low photon energy. Vacuum UV (VUV) was recently found to be a promising light source, despite its ozone generation. In this study, we investigated photocatalysis reactions by VUV with short irradiation times (0.004–0.125░s) for simultaneously inactivating airborne MS2 viruses and degrading the generated ozone toward a flow-through air disinfection system with high flow-rates. We developed three effective shapes for the catalyst frame: 2░mm and 5░mm pleated, and spiral-type Pd-TiO2 catalysts. The 2░mm pleated Pd-TiO2/VUV photocatalyst exhibited the highest activity for simultaneous MS2 inactivation and ozone degradation, and the catalytic activity was effective regardless of relative humidity. Considering the gas phase and catalyst surface effects, and the natural inactivation of VUV-irradiated but live MS2 viruses, the 2░mm pleated Pd-TiO2/VUV and succeeding UV photocatalysis showed more than 90% in the overall inactivation efficiency with residual ozone of 35ppb at an irradiation time of 0.009░s (flow-rate: 33░l/min). In contrast, most UV-based purifiers take longer times for disinfection. This system has the potential for an alternative to conventional UV-based air purifiers.
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02786826.2018.1431386
ISSN
0278-6826
Appears in Collections:
MNE_Journal Papers
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