Gene dispersion is the key determinant of the read count bias in differential expression analysis of RNA-seq data
Cited 0 times inCited 0 times in
- Gene dispersion is the key determinant of the read count bias in differential expression analysis of RNA-seq data
- Yoon, Sora; Nam, Dougu
- RNA-seq; Differential expression analysis; Read count bias; Gene length bias; Dispersion
- Issue Date
- BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
- BMC GENOMICS, v.18, no., pp.408 -
- Background: In differential expression analysis of RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) read count data for two sample groups, it is known that highly expressed genes (or longer genes) are more likely to be differentially expressed which is called read count bias (or gene length bias). This bias had great effect on the downstream Gene Ontology over-representation analysis. However, such a bias has not been systematically analyzed for different replicate types of RNA-seq data. Results: We show that the dispersion coefficient of a gene in the negative binomial modeling of read counts is the critical determinant of the read count bias (and gene length bias) by mathematical inference and tests for a number of simulated and real RNA-seq datasets. We demonstrate that the read count bias is mostly confined to data with small gene dispersions (e.g., technical replicates and some of genetically identical replicates such as cell lines or inbred animals), and many biological replicate data from unrelated samples do not suffer from such a bias except for genes with some small counts. It is also shown that the sample-permuting GSEA method yields a considerable number of false positives caused by the read count bias, while the preranked method does not. Conclusion: We showed the small gene variance (similarly, dispersion) is the main cause of read count bias (and gene length bias) for the first time and analyzed the read count bias for different replicate types of RNA-seq data and its effect on gene-set enrichment analysis.
- ; Go to Link
Appears in Collections:
- SLS_Journal Papers
- Files in This Item:
can give you direct access to the published full text of this article. (UNISTARs only)
Show full item record
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.