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Ruoff, Rodney S.
Center for Multidimensional Carbon Materials (CMCM)
Research Interests
  • Next generation carbons, ultrathin sp3-bonded carbon sheets, negative curvature (‘Schwartzites’) carbons, sp3/sp2 hybrid carbon materials, model compounds for novel carbon materials, reaction mechanisms

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The Origin of Improved Electrical Double-Layer Capacitance by Inclusion of Topological Defects and Dopants in Graphene for Supercapacitors

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Title
The Origin of Improved Electrical Double-Layer Capacitance by Inclusion of Topological Defects and Dopants in Graphene for Supercapacitors
Author
Chen, JiafengHan, YuleiKong, XianghuaDeng, XinzhouPark, Hyo JuGuo, YaliJin, SongQi, ZhikaiLee, ZonghoonQiao, ZhenhuaRuoff, Rodney S.Ji, Hengxing
Keywords
electrical double-layers; nitrogen dopants; quantum capacitance; single-layer graphene; topological defects
Issue Date
201610
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Citation
ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, v.55, no.44, pp.13822 - 13827
Abstract
Low-energy density has long been the major limitation to the application of supercapacitors. Introducing topological defects and dopants in carbon-based electrodes in a supercapacitor improves the performance by maximizing the gravimetric capacitance per mass of the electrode. However, the main mechanisms governing this capacitance improvement are still unclear. We fabricated planar electrodes from CVD-derived single-layer graphene with deliberately introduced topological defects and nitrogen dopants in controlled concentrations and of known configurations, to estimate the influence of these defects on the electrical double-layer (EDL) capacitance. Our experimental study and theoretical calculations show that the increase in EDL capacitance due to either the topological defects or the nitrogen dopants has the same origin, yet these two factors improve the EDL capacitance in different ways. Our work provides a better understanding of the correlation between the atomic-scale structure and the EDL capacitance and presents a new strategy for the development of experimental and theoretical models for understanding the EDL capacitance of carbon electrodes.
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.201605926
ISSN
1433-7851
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