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Im, Jungho
Intelligent Remote sensing and geospatial Information Systems (IRIS) Lab
Research Interests
  • Remote sensing, Geospatial modeling, Climate change

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GOCI 위성영상과 기계학습을 이용한 한반도 연안 수질평가지수 추정

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Title
GOCI 위성영상과 기계학습을 이용한 한반도 연안 수질평가지수 추정
Other Titles
Estimation of Water Quality Index for Coastal Areas in Korea Using GOCI Satellite Data Based on Machine Learning Approaches
Author
Jang, EunnaIm, JunghoHa, SunghyunLee, SanggyunPark, Young-Gyu
Keywords
Water Quality Index; GOCI; machine learning
Issue Date
201606
Publisher
대한원격탐사학회
Citation
KOREAN JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, v.32, no.3, pp.221 - 234
Abstract
In Korea, most industrial parks and major cities are located in coastal areas, which results in serious environmental problems in both coastal land and ocean. In order to effectively manage such problems especially in coastal ocean, water quality should be monitored. As there are many factors that influence water quality, the Korean Government proposed an integrated Water Quality Index (WQI) based on in situ measurements of ocean parameters(bottom dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll-a concentration, secchi disk depth, dissolved inorganic nitrogen, and dissolved inorganic phosphorus) by ocean division identified based on their ecological characteristics. Field-measured WQI, however, does not provide spatial continuity over vast areas. Satellite remote sensing can be an alternative for identifying WQI for surface water. In this study, two schemes were examined to estimate coastal WQI around Korea peninsula using in situ measurements data and Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) satellite imagery from 2011 to 2013 based on machine learning approaches. Scheme 1 calculates WQI using estimated water quality-related factors using GOCI reflectance data, and scheme 2 estimates WQI using GOCI band reflectance data and basic products(chlorophyll-a, suspended sediment, colored dissolved organic matter). Three machine learning approaches including Random Forest (RF), Support Vector Regression (SVR), and a modified regression tree(Cubist) were used. Results show that estimation of secchi disk depth produced the highest accuracy among the ocean parameters, and RF performed best regardless of water quality-related factors. However, the accuracy of WQI from scheme 1 was lower than that from scheme 2 due to the estimation errors inherent from water quality-related factors and the uncertainty of bottom dissolved oxygen. In overall, scheme 2 appears more appropriate for estimating WQI for surface water in coastal areas and chlorophyll-a concentration was identified the most contributing factor to the estimation of WQI.
URI
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.7780/kjrs.2016.32.3.2
ISSN
1225-6161
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UEE_Journal Papers
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