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Grzybowski, Bartosz A.
School of Natural Science
Research Interests
  • Nano science

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Tactic, reactive, and functional droplets outside of equilibrium

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Title
Tactic, reactive, and functional droplets outside of equilibrium
Author
Lach, SławomirYoon, Seok MinGrzybowski, Bartosz A.
Issue Date
201609
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Citation
CHEMICAL SOCIETY REVIEWS, v.45, no.17, pp.4766 - 4796
Abstract
Under non-equilibrium conditions, liquid droplets coupled to their environment by sustained flows of matter and/or energy can become active systems capable of various life-like functions. When fueled by even simple chemical reactions, such droplets can become tactic and can perform intelligent tasks such as maze solving. With more complex chemistries, droplets can support basic forms of metabolism, grow, self-replicate, and exhibit evolutionary changes akin to biological cells. There are also first exciting examples of active droplets connected into larger, tissue-like systems supporting droplet-to-droplet communication, and giving rise to collective material properties. As practical applications of droplets also begin to appear (e.g., in single-cell diagnostics, new methods of electricity generation, optofluidics, or sensors), it appears timely to review and systematize progress in this highly interdisciplinary area of chemical research, and also think about the avenues (and the roadblocks) for future work.
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c6cs00242k
ISSN
0306-0012
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