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Jun, Yubin
Construction Materials Lab
Research Interests
  • Construction materials

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Use of Gypsum as a Preventive Measure for Strength Deterioration during Curing in Class F Fly Ash Geopolymer System

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Title
Use of Gypsum as a Preventive Measure for Strength Deterioration during Curing in Class F Fly Ash Geopolymer System
Author
Jun, YubinOh, Jae Eun
Keywords
fly ash; geopolymer; gypsum; Na2SO4; strength deterioration; nanometer-crack
Issue Date
201506
Publisher
MDPI AG
Citation
MATERIALS, v.8, no.6, pp.3053 - 3067
Abstract
This study discusses strength deterioration during the curing process of fly ash geopolymer and the use of CaSO(4)2H(2)O (gypsum) as a deterioration remedy when the ash was synthesized using a 10M NaOH and Na-silicate solution. The strength decline was mainly due to the widespread formation of nanometer-sized cracks that were related to excessive Na and Si concentrations at an early age. Use of 2 wt% CaSO(4)2H(2)O resulted in the best measured strength by temporarily reducing Na and Si concentrations; Na was absorbed by SO42-, up to 11% in the matrix within one day, and formed Na2SO4 (thenardite), which gradually dissolved over time, slowly releasing Na ions. However, more than 4% gypsum suppressed overall strength development because too many Na ions were locked into Na2SO4 and could not participate in geopolymerization. The addition of gypsum impeded glass dissolution and even halted the process when more than 4% gypsum was used
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma8063053
ISSN
1996-1944
Appears in Collections:
UEE_Journal Papers
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