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OXIDATIVE DEGRADATION OF WATER CONTAMINANTS BY METAL-CATALYZED FENTON-LIKE SYSTEMS

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Title
OXIDATIVE DEGRADATION OF WATER CONTAMINANTS BY METAL-CATALYZED FENTON-LIKE SYSTEMS
Author
Lee, Hongshin
Advisor
Lee, Changha
Keywords
Fenton (-Like) Systems; Iron-Catalyzed Fenton-Like Systems; Copper-Catalyzed Fenton-Like Systems
Issue Date
2015-02
Publisher
Graduate school of UNIST
Abstract
The decomposition of hydrogen peroxide catalyzed by iron and copper leads to the generation of reactive oxidants capable of oxidizing various organic compounds. However, the specific nature of the reactive oxidants is still unclear, with evidence suggesting the production of hydroxyl radical (•OH) or high-valent metal species. To identify the reactive species in the Fenton system, the oxidation of a series of different compounds (phenol, benzoic acid, methanol, Reactive Black 5 and arsenite) was studied for iron- and copper-catalyzed reactions at varying pH values. At lower pH values, more reactive oxidants appear to be formed in both iron and copper-catalyzed systems. The aromatic compounds, phenol and benzoic acid, were not oxidized under neutral or alkaline pH conditions, whereas methanol, Reactive Black 5, and arsenite were oxidized to a different degree, depending on the catalytic system. The oxidants responsible for the oxidation of compounds at neutral and alkaline pH values are likely to be high-valent metal complexes of iron and copper (i.e., ferryl and cupryl ions). Zero-valent iron (ZVI, Fe0) is known to activate oxygen (O2) into reactive oxidants such as •OH and ferryl ion (Fe[IV]) capable of oxidizing contaminants. However, little is known about the effect of the particle size of ZVI on the yield of reactive oxidants. In this study, the production of reactive oxidants from nanoparticulate and microparticulate ZVIs (denoted as nZVI and mZVI, respectively) was comparatively investigated in the presence of O2 and EDTA. To quantify the oxidant yield, excess amount of methanol was employed, and the formation of its oxidation product, formaldehyde (HCHO), was monitored. The concentration of HCHO in the nZVI/O2 system rapidly reached the saturation value, whereas that in the mZVI/O2 system gradually increased throughout the entire reaction time. The mZVI/O2 system exhibited higher yields of HCHO than the nZVI/O2 system under both acidic and neutral pH conditions. The higher oxidant yields in the mZVI/O2 system are mainly attributed to the less reactivity of the mZVI surface with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) relative to the surface of nZVI, which minimize the loss of H2O2 by ZVI (i.e., the two-electron reduction of H2O2 into water). In addition, the slow dissolution of Fe(II) from mZVI was found to be partially responsible for the higher oxidant yields at neutral pH. A magnetite-loaded mesocellular carbonaceous material, Fe3O4/MSU-F-C, exhibited superior activity as both a Fenton catalyst and an adsorbent for removal of phenol and arsenic, and strong magnetic property rendering it separable by simply applying magnetic field. In the presence of hydrogen peroxide, the catalytic process by Fe3O4/MSU-F-C completely oxidized phenol and As(III) under the conditions where commercial iron oxides showed negligible effects. Notably, the decomposition of H2O2 by Fe3O4/MSU-F-C was not faster than those by commercial iron oxides, indicating that •OH produced via the catalytic process by Fe3O4/MSU-F-C was used more efficiently for the oxidation of target contaminants compared to the other iron oxides. The homogeneous Fenton reaction by the dissolved iron species eluted from Fe3O4/MSU-F-C was insignificant. At relatively high doses of Fe3O4/MSU-F-C, total concentration of arsenic decreased to a significant extent due to the adsorption of arsenic on the catalyst surface. The removal of arsenic by adsorption was found to proceed via preoxidation of As(III) into As(V) and the subsequent adsorption of As(V) onto the catalyst.
Description
Department of Urban and Environmental Engineering (Environmental Science And Engineering)
URI
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UEE_Theses_Ph.D.
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